What is Ransomware? How it works? and How to keep your Computers safe from it.
By now all of we have heard of the global ransomware attack. It has created a lot of confusions in the mind of computer users. Over 60,000 companies of more than 100 countries have become the victim of this malware. So how this ransomware works and what are the possible solutions.
What is Ransomware?
The term ‘RANSOMWARE’ itself gives the idea of its nature. It is somehow related to some kind of ransom. Yes, exactly it is. It is a type of malware which gets into your computer and locks down all the files. Afterwards, it seeks for money from the user in order to get access to the locked files. The recent ransomware’s are smarter than ever. It just not only locks down the files rather it encrypts the files which makes it really impossible to crack open the locked files. As a result, the users do not have any other way to regain access to their locked files but to pay the money and get the decryption code.
How does Ransomware get into your computer?
The easiest to get into someone’s computer is through attachments of spam emails or by entering into any unknown link. The extension of these files are different than the conventional files. Usually, users turn off the file extensions, so they can not know what kind of file they are clicking on. The virus file pretends like a doc file or any other text file. But if you turn on the file extension of your computer you will see that the file extensions are different. As you click on the file all your data start encrypting and eventually asking you for ransom.
How to recognize the Ransomware virus file?
In case if you are interested to following are the possible real extensions of ransomware files.
.ecc, .ezz, .exx, .zzz, .xyz, .aaa, .abc, .ccc, .vvv, .xxx, .ttt, .micro, .crypto, _crypt, .crinf, .r5a, .XRNT, .XTBL, .crypt, .R16M01D05, .pzdc, .good, .LOL!, .OMG!, .RDM, .RRK, .encryptedRSA, .crjoker, .EnCiPhErEd, .LeChiffre, .keybtc@inbox_com, .0x0, .bleep, .1999, .vault, .HA3, .toxcrypt, .magic, .SUPERCRYPT, .CTBL, .CTB2, .locky or 6-7 length extension consisting of random characters.
How to your computer safe from ransomware?
Well, for now, there is no way to open the encrypted files on the affected computer. As I mentioned earlier you have to pay through bitcoins in order to get the decryption code. But you can keep your computer safe from possible Ransomware attack by following safety measures.
1. Keep your Computers Operating System up to date.
2. Keep your Anti-Virus up to date.
3. Create a backup of the most important files either in a secured hard drive or in a secured cloud storage.
4. Do not open any email attachments from unknown senders.
5. Be careful while opening and downloading from any unknowing third party websites.
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